Ethiopia
kpekpeta

Kpékpéta

is situated about 150 Km from Lomé, it is in the Canton of Dawlotu Tutu, in the Prefecture of Kpélé-Akata, in Togo’s Plateau region.

THE VILLAGE

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4-Community
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Kpékpéta is backward in terms of basic infrastructure, poor or inexistent road network makes access and communication very difficult and some time even impossible.
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The village is enclaved/enclosed, during the rainy season and the roads are inaccessible. It is in these conditions, that farmers are forced to take their crops to the two nearby markets. Kati market is approximately 18Kms away and that of Kanti Kopé is 9Kms from the village. Kpékpéta is a large area but inhabited by very few natives. It’s cultivable land, attracts many farmers from other parts of Togo. Apart from the native Ewe, other ethnic groups inhabiting Kpékpéta include the Kabye, the Losso, the Lamba, the Bassar, the Moba, the Adja-Ewé, Ewé from Vogan and Afagnan.

ECONOMY

ECONOMY

Kpékpéta is an agricultural village with vast cultivable land. The average surface area of fields cultivated using rudimentary tools is approximately 1 to 3 hectares.
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The harvest from these fields isn’t enough for the upkeep of farming families throughout the year. Apart from food crops like maize, cassava, beans, soy, rice, millet and sorghum, farmers produce Cotton as a cash crop. There are artisans in the village with professional weaving skills that they employ for making the multicolored blankets. They market for them in the community is very limited and they are obliged to move to the capital to keep doing what the like to do.

WATER ACCESS

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The village is equipped with a well that has been recently realized but the water is not enough for the need of the inhabitants.
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They community main source of drinking water remain the river. Women are mainly responsible for finding and collecting water for their families. This water is potentially dangerous, polluted naturally by livestock like cows that is using daily the same water, human waste (there is no toilet system in the village) and chemicals cause by the clothes washing activities. Water is a rare commodity in Kpékpéta. The environment consisting essentially of granito-gneissic bases very difficult to drill is very little provided in regular watercourses. Men, women and children are sometimes forced to walk up to 7 km (14 km return) before touching a water point but of very poor quality. Added to this is the constraint of the highly dispersed installation model of the Kpekpeta population consisting of a village center, 10 hamlets and 3 farms distant from each other. It was in November 2017 that the humanitarian association 123 Action Suisse finally responded favorably to the request for access to drinking water in the village center after the campaign of the NGO Tomoka in 2010. Today the forage implemented by the 123-Action association and the 7 wells made by the NGO Tomoka are not enough to cover the whole village of Kpékpéta.

WATER TRANSPORTATION

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For the daily water collection trips can take about 30 minutes or longer. They are made primary by women but not only, the task falls also to children, girls and boys.+

The fact that it's not just the quality of water that's at issue but also the health implications for such and physically heavy task. Once a woman gets to a water source, she can expect to spend even more time waiting in line, then comes the hard part: taking the water back home and this may take another half hour. A single trip for water each day it is often not enough, depending on the size of the family and the household's needs — like laundry, for instance — women may make this trip multiple times on the same day. Water collection times have real impacts on women and girls lives and on the village economy. To collect the water they often use a jerry can, a bright yellow plastic container that was originally filled with gasoline or cooking oil. It can hold 5 gallons (20 liters) of water and weighs about 40 pounds (20 kg). Where the yellow plastic container is not available heavy clay pots are used. The time invested for water collection could boost women's economic activity.

HYGIENE AND TOILET

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In Kpékpéta the toilets are rare, the traditional toilets are as they appear above.
Sustainable sanitation is a matter of dignity, equality and safety and is crucial to improving the health and wellbeing of a community.

DESIGN

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Section

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Top view

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Top view

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Bird view

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Close top view

The construction of the Warka Toilet in Kpékpéta is kicked off. The community is full involved in the project, women and men from the village are working on the excavation.

CONSTRUCTION

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Day 3

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Day 7, excavation works almost completed.

SUPPORT